ASTM D937 PDF

ASTM D Standard Test Method for Cone Penetration of Petrolatum. Qty. Model, Description. 1, Choose One: H, Universal penetrometer ( includes standard needle). H, Penetrometer with digital timer*, V, 60Hz. Buy ASTM D R TEST METHOD FOR CONE PENETRATION OF PETROLATUM from SAI Global.

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ASTM D Standard

Substances we encounter, within the fluid or solid state of matter, can be described according to their consistency, see Figure 1. Bitumen testing in a water bath. Oxidation Bomb for Petroleum Testing.

The penetration test is used for adjusting the right consistency: Test cones, needles and lightweight plunger where applicable are available to be ordered separately. Asym Redefined Anton Paar has once again redefined digital density measurement with the groundbreaking invention of a new measuring principle: Product Description This Koehler K penetrometer is designed for ASTM penetration tests on petroleum products and for consistency tests on a wide astk of food products, cosmetics, pastes and other solid to semisolid products.

Anton Paar has once again redefined digital density measurement with the groundbreaking invention of a new measuring principle: Grease and petrolatum The consistency of grease from almost fluid to semi-fluid to hard can be measured in a range up to Penetration Units. A penetration of would represent solid grease, while a penetration of would mean that the sample is fluid.

A fluid liquid has no such yield point.

High penetration values indicate softer materials. A lot of different penetration test kits are used for chemical products such as adhesives, sealants, and glue pastes. ASTM D, IPDIN – Needle penetration of petroleum waxes Covers the empirical estimation of the consistency of waxes derived from petroleum by measurement of the extent of penetration of a standard needle.

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Conclusions concerning the following can be drawn from the penetration value: Please fill in the form below to get a quote for the Koehler K Penetrometer:.

Consistency measurement with a penetrometer provides information about the texture of semi-solid materials with little effort. Head assembly adjusts for accurate placement of the tip of the needle or cone on the surface of the sample. Available request a d397.

The ambient condition that influences the consistency most is the temperature. The penetration is measured before wstm after applying many double strokes up to 1, of a perforated plate in the greased-filled cup placed in the working machine. Waxes differ in consistency. This website uses cookies to improve user experience. The NLGI system see point 4.

Stanhope-Seta – quality control instruments for ASTM, IP, ISO, EN, DIN test methods

Micro-cone set; cup assembled. The treatment in a grease worker exposes the sample to high mechanical stress in a comparatively short time. ASTM D – Roll stability of lubricating grease Covers determination of the changes in the consistency, as measurably cone penetration, of lubricating greases when worked in the roll stability test apparatus. Difference between fluid, semi-solid, and solid materials Fig.

General Use laboratory apparatus balances, baths, blenders, centrifuges, chart recorders, freezers, fume hoods, furnaces, glassware washers, glove boxes, mixers, moisture testing, ovens, pumps, shakers, vacuum equipment, water purification The result is the depth, in tenths of a millimeter Penetration Unit, PUat which the cone sinks into the grease and this expresses the consistency.

Especially for the evaluation of processes such as kneading, pumping, mixing, filling, and brushing, it is essential to optimize the energy balance by adjusting the consistency. A typical device which is used for the determination of consistency is a penetrometer.

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Therefore, a needle is used for bitumen and a perforated disk penetrator is used for liquid-like samples. Typical negative consequences of neglecting the consistency are: A brief presentation of the globally used ASTM test is given below:.

Seta Half-Scale Penetrometer Cone

The sensory expectations of the customer have to be fulfilled. It is supplied with 50 and gram weights and standard Asm can be solvent molecules, more complex polymeric structures, small particles, gas bubbles, etc.

Using this value, conclusions can be drawn about the performance of bitumen as a binder for road construction. The point of plastic deformation is called the yield point.

The harder more solid the material, the smaller the cone angle should be. This instrument features a full asstm range of A typical example of consistency determination is the penetration measurement of grease. The penetration test is used for adjusting the right consistency:. The general rule for test kit selection is: Request a Free Quote Right Now. According to the European Pharmacopoeia Method 2.

Due to its easy handling, the penetration method is employed in a wide scope of applications for food. Consistency measurement with a penetrometer How does a penetrometer work? The value is obtained by calculation from needle penetration x937 the ring-and-ball softening point using a softening point tester.

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